WASHINGTON (AP)- Maryland health officials who learned of a potential link between a spinal steroid shot and cases of fungal meningitis waited nearly a week before alerting the public to the problem, according to a timeline provided by the state health department.
State epidemiologist David Blythe said health officials immediately alerted the clinics that were providing the injections, which in turn were responsible for contacting the patients who had received them. But he said they held off on notifying the general public until they could gather more information, such as determining a more precise connection between the shots and the meningitis cases.
"In the early days, it was not clear - certainly not to us - exactly what was going on," Blythe said in an interview this week.
Blythe told a legislative committee in November that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention alerted the state on Sept. 27 that meningitis cases associated with a steroid shot for back pain had been identified in Tennessee, and that Maryland clinics had received the same medication. The state Department of Health and Mental Hygiene contacted seven clinics to make sure they were aware of the recall, but it wasn't until Oct. 3 that the public was advised in a news release of a "possible connection" between the injection and two meningitis cases in Maryland, including a fatal one. The Associated Press obtained a copy of his remarks.
Health officials coordinated the notification of about 1,700 people they initially thought might have received the injection. Because of the sheer volume of patients feared affected by the contaminated medication, it's possible some people who received the back pain shot weren't advised of the potential risk as quickly as they would have been. They also may not have sought medical guidance as soon as they otherwise might have if the state had chosen to immediately publicize the information in the form of a mass-distribution news release.
But Blythe said the delay posed no risk to the public because the clinics were immediately advised of the problem and didn't supply the injection during that nearly week-long interval.
"We were really explicit with the facilities, and they all confirmed that they were aware of the recall, actually even before we were in touch with them," Blythe said.
Maryland was hardly alone in grappling with the decision of how and when to alert the public.
Documents reviewed by the AP in Indiana and North Carolina show that officials in those states were also contacted by the CDC a week before they announced the meningitis investigation to the public.
Blythe acknowledged in his prepared remarks from November that individually notifying large numbers of patients is a challenge, and that the "department needs to continually look to a variety of methods to get information out to people who need to act on the information." He said in the interview that "it was a complicated way of notifying patients" and that the state has learned from the experience.
There have been 25 cases of meningitis reported as of Wednesday in Maryland, including two deaths.
The tainted steroids have been traced to the New England Compounding Center of Framingham, Mass., which has since recalled the contaminated lots and suspended production.