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Adaptive Optics: Technologies and Global Markets

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SOURCE Reportlinker

NEW YORK, June 19, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Adaptive Optics: Technologies and Global Markets

http://www.reportlinker.com/p02171939/Adaptive-Optics-Technologies-and-Global-Markets.html

This BCC Research report gives a 10-year study of the global market growth potential of adaptive optics (AO) systems. It provides details of AO revenues through 2022 for scientific researches along with military, medical, industrial, and consumer industries. Present findings on the technology, commercial drivers in the deployment of AO systems, nature of competition and the issues faced by vendors have also been covered in this report.

Use this report to:

- Receive detailed analysis of the global adaptive optics (AO) systems market.

- Receive information on the technology and commercial drivers for the deployment of AO systems in applied scientific research, military, medical, industrial and consumer markets.

- Receive information on regulatory issues of the industry.

- Receive information on the nature of the competition and the major competitive issues being faced by vendors in these markets.

Highlights

- The global market for adaptive optics (AO) systems reached $139 million in 2013. This market is expected to grow to $157 million in 2014 and about $40.7 billion in 2022, acompound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 87.9% over the nine-year period from 2013 to 2022.- Military, as a segment, reached $81 million in 2013. It is projected to grow to $756 million in 2022, with a CAGR of 28.2% over the nine-year period from 2013 to 2022.- Medical, as a segment, reached $30 million in 2013. It is projected to grow to $9.4 billion in 2022, with a CAGR of 89.5% over the nine-year period from 2013 to 2022.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report will take a 10-year look at the global market growth potential for adaptive optics (AO) systems. The report will also present findings on the technology andcommercial drivers for the deployment of AO systems in applied scientific research, military, medical, industrial and consumer markets. It provides forecasts of the growthof AO revenues through 2022 for the scientific research, military, medical, industrial and consumer industries.

AO has emerged from the shadows of astronomy research because of its stunning success in allowing large ground-based telescopes to outperform highly publicized

space-based systems such as Hubble. It does this by removing aberrations from starlight caused by the Earth's atmosphere. AO can be used to improve the quality of

any image, whether presented to the human retina or for further processing in other image capture systems such as machine vision (MV) or additive manufacturing (AM)

systems.

AO is a fast developing optical system technology that will affect a broad range of industries. Although the concept is simple, it is currently a complex system technology.However, the potential for system simplification and cost reduction has far-reaching implications and creates real commercial opportunities. This report will try to balancejust enough technical information with commercial factors. It will provide a broad understanding of how AO can be integrated into many different products and industries.

It is important to note that, for the purposes of this report, the definition of an AO system is "a system technology that achieves the desired goal of adding or removing

aberrations to or from light wavefronts to improve image clarity and resolution for delivery to a vision system, biological or machine." Thus, the current complexity can be

simplified with dramatic system cost reductions.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The human eye is sensitive to display quality and AO provides a significant improvement in display clarity. Each individual's eyes have different aberration profilesand AO can compensate for this on an individual basis. This is a major driver for the consumer market. Technologies are being developed that will reduce AO system coststo a level appropriate for consumer markets and applications. The markets for these applications are, or will become, very competitive. This report looks into the nature ofthe competition and the major competitive issues facing vendors in these markets.

Although the integration of AO systems into consumer products was practically nonexistent in 2013, this will change quite rapidly as system costs decrease

dramatically. Current markets for AO systems are primarily the scientific research, military and medical industries. Academia, government and industry are keen to see

AO component costs driven down to consumer levels (see Appendix II). It is important that vendors understand the market dynamics and potential for AO, as consumer

growth will be explosive. The development of new products and technologies that benefit from AO makes this more complicated for decision makers. Vendors need to

understand the market forces and technology integration possibilities of AO in order to take advantage of consumer products integration.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The primary scope of this report is to investigate market revenue growth prospects for AO systems. These include near eye displays, mobile displays, machine vision,adaptive driver assistance systems (ADAS) for automobiles, medical systems and emerging markets such as 3D printing. The report forecasts growth of existing AOmarkets, including scientific research applications, medical and military applications. It also includes estimates of the system cost reductions resulting from technologydevelopments and the economies of manufacturing consumer quantities of components.

Various factors were taken into account in making the market forecast, including new technologies, and the rate of technology and market adoption with realistic

assessments of the role of AO as a disruptive as well as a sustaining technology. The report will look at how the development of new technologies affects price and

performance. In some cases, the need for the highest quality AO system will mean system prices remain high. However, the introduction of new materials and

technologies will enable AO systems to be integrated into high-volume consumer products.

Recent advances in materials technology, including graphene, electrically sensitive polymers and other materials, can dramatically reduce the cost of components.Advances in the interrogation and modulation of an aberrated wavefront offer reduced cost and increased speed. These and other advantages provide large cost reductionsfor applications in the medical, military, industrial and consumer segments. The report also recognizes major global social and economic trends and their impact onmarket growth as drivers of technology development in all market segments.

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study takes a first look at how a scientific research technology will play a disruptive role in vision delivery systems over the next 10 years. The report reviews

emerging technologies that will benefit from AO, and it should be read by any organization engaged in research or product development involving video or image

display, manipulation or redirection. This includes developers of smartphones, smart cameras, entertainment systems, ophthalmoscopy devices, endoscopic devices,

eyewear and other near eye displays, additive manufacturing systems such as machine vision and 3D printing and automobile manufacturers.

It will also be of interest to nanosystem researchers. The ability of AO systems to provide real-time high-resolution manipulation of objects at the molecular scaleprovides great flexibility in manipulating nanosystem architectures. For example, AO-enhanced optical tweezers have been used to manipulate DNA.

Also included is a brief review of the patent landscape. It includes the rate of AO-related patent submissions, as well as a note of significant intellectual property (IP)

relating to AO. Although an analysis of patents within the various system component technologies would be helpful, it is beyond the scope of this report. However, the IP

issue can be a game changer both ways. It can be a serious barrier to market entry at the same time as stimulating novel and innovative ways to overcome the technical and

IP challenges in developing effective, low-cost AO systems. Finally, the study will be of value to the investment community as a tool to measure

the financial potential for new technology, product and distribution investment opportunities in the field of AO.

METHODOLOGY

Primary and secondary methodologies were used for this report. BCC Research conducted a comprehensive literature search, including technical newsletters, opticsindustry associations and their publications. Data were collected through interviews with industry executives and through research at a major photonics trade show,Photonics West, San Francisco, in Feb. 2014. Projections are based on estimates and a synthesis of many individual market forecasts and trends analysis. Due to the newnessof AO in a market deployment sense, an extensive forecast model was developed to ensure that individual market segment forecasts are internally consistent.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Data for this study was obtained from direct contact with manufacturers, very often from C-level executives, industry associations, government agencies and a number of

databases, including Factiva, EBSCO, ProQuest, JAMA, JSTOR and ABI Inform. Several hundred individual research reports, Ph.D. thesis papers, journals, indexes, abstracts,

press releases and product literatures were reviewed. In addition to the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), several online patent databases were polled to

uncover the intellectual property activity concerning AO.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2

SCOPE OF REPORT 3

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE 3

METHODOLOGY 4

INFORMATION SOURCES 4

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 4

RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5

BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5

DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, THROUGH 2022 ($

MILLIONS) 9

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, 2013-2022 ($

MILLIONS) 9

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS 11

TABLE 1 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 12

TABLE 2 CURRENT USES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 13

TABLE 3 FUTURE USES OF AO SYSTEMS 13

TABLE 4 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 14

TABLE 5 APPLICATIONS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 14

TABLE 6 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 15

CHAPTER 4 REGULATORY ISSUES 18

FDA 18

WHAT ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS? 19

HOW WILL THE FDA REGULATE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS? 19

MOBILE MEDICAL APPS THAT THE FDA WILL REGULATE 19

MOBILE APPS FOR WHICH THE FDA INTENDS TO EXERCISE ENFORCEMENT

DISCRETION 20

DOES THE FDA REGULATE MOBILE DEVICES AND MOBILE APP STORES? 20

DOES THE GUIDANCE APPLY TO ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS? 21

EUROPEAN UNION 21

EMERGING MARKETS 21

REGULATION OF LASERS 21

TABLE 7 LASER STANDARDS AND SAFETY CLASSES 22

CHAPTER 5 AO SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS 24

WAVEFRONT SENSOR 24

GENERAL 24

Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor 24

Pyramid Wavefront Sensor 25

Interferometric Techniques 25

Polarized Shearing Interferometer (PSI) 25

Ray Tracing Aberrometry 26

Wavelet Transform Profilometry 26

Numerical Holograms 26

Wavefront Sensorless Adaptive Optics 26

Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography 27

Walsh Functions 27

LASER GUIDE STAR CREATION 27

ASTRONOMY 27

MEDICAL 28

Alternatives 28

MILITARY 28

INDUSTRIAL 28

CONSUMER 28

WAVEFRONT MODULATOR 28

ZERNIKE POLYNOMIALS 28

ALTERNATIVES 29

DEFORMABLE MIRRORS 29

TABLE 8 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR LOW-COST AO WAVEFRONT

CORRECTION ALTERNATIVE TO DEFORMABLE MIRRORS 31

TABLE 9 LIST OF DEFORMABLE MIRROR MANUFACTURERS 31

CHAPTER 6 MAJOR GROWTH TRAJECTORY FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS 33

OVERVIEW 33

APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 34

INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH ASTRONOMY 34

TABLE 10 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA FUNDING OF

PROJECTS WITH AO COMPONENTS ($) 35

TABLE 11 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY

DIVISION FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS) 36

FIGURE 1 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION

FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS) 36

RESEARCH MICROSCOPY 36

TABLE 12 TYPES OF MICROSCOPY 37

ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPES 38

TABLE 13 AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION 38

FIGURE 2 AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION 39

MILITARY 40

MAJOR RESEARCH ACTIVITY 40

LIDAR/LADAR 40

High Energy Laser (HEL) 40

Battlefield 40

FACTORS AFFECTING MILITARY FORECAST 41

Political Uncertainty on Budgets 41

Expectation that AO System Costs will Drop as Forecast 41

Special Operations Forces Will Integrate AO Despite Budget Issues 41

Space-Based Defense Technology Spending will be Maintained at

2013 Levels. 41

MEDICAL 41

TABLE 14 LIST OF INNOVATIVE MEDICAL RESEARCH PROJECTS BY ACADEMIA AND

MANUFACTURERS 43

INDUSTRIAL 45

TABLE 15 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES 46

TABLE 16 LIST OF 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS 46

FIGURE 3 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS BY REGION 48

CONSUMER 48

TABLE 17 CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS) 50

FIGURE 4 CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS,

2015 AND 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS) 50

TABLE 18 CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2022 ($ BILLIONS) 51

FIGURE 5 CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, 2015

AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS) 51

CHAPTER 7 GLOBAL TRENDS AND REGIONAL AO REVENUES 54

APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 56

TABLE 19 REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS

BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 57

FIGURE 6 REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS

BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 57

MILITARY APPLICATIONS 58

TABLE 20 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022

($ MILLIONS) 59

FIGURE 7 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION 2013-2022

($ MILLIONS) 59

MEDICAL APPLICATIONS 60

TABLE 21 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH

2022 ($ MILLIONS) 60

FIGURE 8 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022

($ MILLIONS) 60

TABLE 22 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 61

FIGURE 9 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 61

TABLE 23 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 62

FIGURE 10 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 62

CHAPTER 8 AO MARKETS BY INDUSTRY AND APPLICATION 64

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 64

TABLE 24 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC

RESEARCH, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 64

FIGURE 11 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC

RESEARCH, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 64

ASTRONOMY 65

TABLE 25 GLOBAL LARGE TELESCOPE DEVELOPMENT AND INSTALLATION

LOCATIONS WITH AO 66

MILITARY 66

LIDAR/LADAR 66

COMMUNICATIONS 67

BATTLEFIELD 70

LOGISTICS 71

SECURITY 71

TABLE 26 ADAPTIVE OPTICS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FOR NATIONAL SECURITY

LABORATORIES 71

TABLE 27 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, THROUGH

2022 ($ MILLIONS) 73

FIGURE 12 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY,

2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 73

MEDICAL 74

RESEARCH 74

Optical Tweezers 74

Autologous Cell Therapy (ACT) 75

Cell Processing Professionals 75

Cell Biologists 75

Bioprocess Engineers 75

Bioprinting 76

APPLICATIONS 76

TABLE 28 REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH

2022 ($ MILLIONS) 78

FIGURE 13 REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013–2022 ($

MILLIONS) 78

INDUSTRIAL 78

3D PRINTING 79

Industrial 79

Consumer 80

Target Age Groups 81

Ages 8-18 81

Ages 19-50 81

Age 51+ 81

MACHINE VISION 81

Semiconductor Fabrication and Design 82

Nanomanufacturing 83

TABLE 29 LIST OF NANOMANUFACTURING RESEARCH CENTERS AND THEIR

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 84

AUTOMOBILE 91

TABLE 30 AUTOMOBILE ELECTRONIC SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS 92

TABLE 31 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT,

THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 95

FIGURE 14 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT,

2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 95

CONSUMER 96

OVERVIEW 96

TABLE 32 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION

SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 97

FIGURE 15 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION

SEGMENT, 2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 97

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAYS 97

TABLE 33 A BRIEF HISTORY OF HMD TECHNOLOGY 98

TABLE 34 HMD SYSTEM VENDORS 99

TABLE 35 MICRODISPLAY SILICON FOUNDRIES FOR HMD DISPLAY SILICON 102

TABLE 36 LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS 103

TABLE 37 NON-LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS 103

TABLE 38 HMD MICRODISPLAY RESEARCH CENTERS 104

SMART COMMUNICATIONS 104

VRD 105

Microdisplays 105

TABLE 39 TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS) 106

FIGURE 16 TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

2013 AND 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 106

TABLE 40 VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

THROUGH 2022 (MILLION UNITS) 107

FIGURE 17 VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS) 107

TABLE 41 SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY

REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS) 108

FIGURE 18 SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS

BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS) 108

AMATEUR ASTRONOMY 108

TABLE 42 AMATEUR ASTRONOMY MANUFACTURERS 109

CHAPTER 9 INTERNATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS 111

AGE DEMOGRAPHICS 111

TABLE 43 GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010-2030 (%) 111

FIGURE 19 GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010–2030 (%) 112

TABLE 44 GLOBAL INCREASE IN ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 (BILLION) 112

FIGURE 20 GLOBAL INCREASE FOR ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS) 112

TABLE 45 AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 (BILLIONS) 113

FIGURE 21 AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 ($ BILLIONS) 113

GLOBAL ECONOMIC INDICATORS 113

AO MARKETS 114

Medical 114

Industrial 114

Consumer 114

GLOBAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY 114

TABLE 46 WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%) 115

FIGURE 22 WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%) 115

TABLE 47 GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO) 116

FIGURE 23 GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (%

RATIO) 116

CHAPTER 10 CONCLUSIONS 118

TECHNOLOGY GOALS 118

REGULATORY CONCERNS 118

COMMERCIAL CONCERNS 119

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 119

COST REDUCTION 119

REGULATORY ISSUES 120

MARKET FACTORS 120

CHAPTER 11 COMPANY PROFILES 122

ASTRONOMY 122

PROFESSIONAL 122

3S Photonics S.A.S. 122

Avensys Inc. (North America) 122

ALPAO SAS 122

Boston Micromachines Corp. 123

CILAS 123

Imagine Optic 123

Iris AO Inc. 125

AMATEUR 125

Astro-Physics Inc. 125

Celestron LLC 126

Edmund Optics Inc. 126

Obsession Telescopes 126

Orion Telescopes & Binoculars 126

Santa Barbara Instrument Group (SBIG) 127

MILITARY 127

AAI Corp. 127

Aeryon Labs Inc. 127

Aoptix 128

Insitu Inc. 128

Lockheed Martin Corp. 129

Northrop Grumman Corp. 129

Northrop Grumman AOA Xinetics Division 129

Raytheon Co. 130

MEDICAL 130

OPHTHALMIC 130

Abbott Laboratories 130

Bioptigen Inc. 131

Canon Inc. 133

Carl Zeiss Meditec 133

3D DIGITAL VISUALIZATION 134

Heidelberg Engineering 134

NIDEK Inc. 134

Optovue Inc. 134

OTHER 135

Agfa HealthCare Corp. 135

Boston Scientific Corp. 135

Conmed Co. 135

Cook Medical Inc. 135

HOYA Corp. USA 136

Karl Storz Endoscopy-America Inc. 136

Olympus 136

Richard Wolf GmbH 136

Stryker 137

Stryker Endoscopy 137

Topcon Medical Systems Inc. 137

BIOPRINTING 137

Regenovo Biotechnology Co. 137

Organovo Holdings Inc. 138

Printerinks 140

University of Wollongong-BioPen 140

INDUSTRIAL 142

3D PRINTING 142

3D Systems 142

3Geometry Manufacturing Systems 143

Arcam 144

Asiga Global 144

Aspect Inc. 144

BeAM Machines 145

CMET Inc. 145

Concept Laser GmbH 146

CRP Technology SRL (Windform) 146

EnvisionTEC GmbH 147

EOS-Electro Optical Systems GmbH 148

ExOne 148

Netfabb GmbH 149

Lithoz GmbH 149

LUXeXceL 150

Mcor Technologies Ltd. 150

MicroFab Technologies Inc. 151

Microfabrica Inc. 152

Optomec 152

Renishaw PLC 153

RepRap.org 154

Sciaky Inc. 154

Sigma Labs Inc. 155

SLM Solutions GmbH 155

Stratasys Ltd. 156

Stratasys Ltd. (USA) 156

Trump Precision Machinery Co. Ltd. 156

Voxeljet GmbH 157

Zecotek Photonics Inc. 158

MACHINE VISION 159

Adimec 159

Advanced Vision Technology Ltd. (AVT) 160

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Allied Vision Technologies GmbH 160

Automated Vision LLC 161

Basler AG 162

Cognex Corp. 162

Teledyne Dalsa Inc. 164

Teledyne DALSA Imaging 165

Edmund Optics 166

Fairchild Imaging 166

Integral Vision Inc. 167

ISRA Vision AG 167

Keyence Corp. 168

Navitar Inc. 169

Phoenix Imaging 170

Stemmer Imaging GmbH 171

Vision & Control GmbH 172

Vision Components GmbH 172

Wintriss Engineering 173

AUTOMOBILE 173

ADASENS Automotive GmbH 173

Apple Inc. 173

Airbiquity Inc. 174

Aisin-Seiki Co. Ltd. 175

Autoliv Inc. 175

Banner Engineering Corporate 176

Car Connectivity Consortium (CCC) 176

Continental Aktiengesellschaft 177

Delphi Automotive LLP 177

Denso Corp. 177

Fujitsu Ten Ltd. 178

Gentex Corp. 178

Google Inc. 179

Harman International 179

Mobileye N.V. 180

Robert Bosch GmbH 181

Valeo Vision Tech Center 181

LITHOGRAPHY 182

aBeam Technologies Inc. 182

Applied Materials 182

Aselta Nanographics 182

ASML 183

ASML U.S. 183

Attocube Systems AG 183

Attocube Systems Inc. (U.S.) 184

Berliner Glas 184

Berliner Glas US Office for Photonics 184

Brewer Science 185

Brion Technologies Inc. 185

Cadence Design Systems Inc. 185

Carl Zeiss SMS GmbH 186

Coventor Inc. 186

Cedrat Technologies SA 186

Corning Inc. 186

Cymer 187

Entegris 187

Eulitha AG 188

Micro Resist Technology GmbH 188

Lightspeed Technologies Inc. 188

TSMC 189

CONSUMER 189

HMD/VRD 189

Atheer Labs Inc. 189

BAE Systems PLC 189

Canon U.S.A. Inc. 190

Carl Zeiss 190

Elbit Systems Ltd. 190

eMagin Corp. 192

Seiko Epson Corp. 192

Forth Dimension Displays Ltd. 193

GlassUp 193

Google Inc. 194

Himax Display Inc. 194

Innovega Inc. 194

Kopin Corp. 195

Lumus Ltd. 196

MicroVision Inc. 196

NVIDIA 197

Oculon Optoelectronics Inc. 198

Oculus VR Inc. 198

Olympus Corp. 198

Optinvent SA 199

Penny 199

Rockwell Collins 200

SBG Labs Inc. 200

Sensics Inc. 200

Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC 201

The Technology Partnership PLC 202

Vuzix Corp. 202

SMART COMMUNICATION OPERATING SYSTEMS 203

Apple Inc. 203

Microsoft Corp. 203

Google Inc. 203

OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS 204

3M 204

Acer 204

ASUSTeK Computer Inc. 204

AU Optronics Corp. America 205

Compaq 206

Dell Inc. 207

Eizo Corp. 207

LG Electronics Inc. 208

NEC Display Solutions 208

Royal Philips 209

Samsung Display 210

Sceptre Inc. 210

Sharp Electronics Corp. 211

Viewsonic International 212

CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX I: AN OVERVIEW OF THE HUMAN EYE 214

FIGURE 24 THE HUMAN EYE 214

CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX II: COST STRUCTURE OF AO FOR HIGH-END AND LOW-END

CONSUMER MARKETS 217

TABLE 48 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS,

2013-2015 ($) 218

FIGURE 25 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS,

2013–2015 ($) 218

TABLE 49 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON

CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($) 219

FIGURE 26 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON

CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($) 219

TABLE 50 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 220

FIGURE 27 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 220

TABLE 51 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 221

FIGURE 28 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 221

CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX III: RECENT AO-RELATED PATENT ACTIVITY 223

TABLE 52 MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH AO

MENTIONED IN PATENT ABSTRACT, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 223

TABLE 53 MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH

THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH

5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

226

FIGURE 29 MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH

THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH

5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

226

TABLE 54 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE

""ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE,

MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

227

FIGURE 30 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE

"ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE,

MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

227

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TABLE 55 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE (NO. OF

PATENTS/%) 229

FIGURE 31 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE

"ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY REPORT SEGMENT, MARCH 5,

2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (%)

229

CHAPTER 15 APPENDIX IV: : FDA MOBILE MEDICAL ADVISORY 231

EXAMPLES OF MOBILE APPS THAT ARE NOT MEDICAL DEVICES 231

EXAMPLES OF MOBILE APPS FOR WHICH FDA INTENDS TO EXERCISE

ENFORCEMENT DISCRETION 233

EXAMPLES OF MOBILE APPS THAT ARE THE FOCUS OF FDA'S REGULATORY

OVERSIGHT (MOBILE MEDICAL APPS) 236

MOBILE APPS THAT TRANSFORM A MOBILE PLATFORM INTO A REGULATED

MEDICAL DEVICE AND THEREFORE ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS 236

MOBILE APPS THAT CONNECT TO AN EXISTING DEVICE TYPE FOR

PURPOSES OF CONTROLLING ITS OPERATION, FUNCTION OR ENERGY

SOURCE AND THEREFORE ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS

238

MOBILE APPS THAT DISPLAY, TRANSFER, STORE, OR CONVERT

PATIENT-SPECIFIC MEDICAL DEVICE DATA FROM A CONNECTED DEVICE

AND THEREFORE ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS

238

CHAPTER 16 APPENDIX V: : ACRONYMS 241

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, THROUGH 2022 ($

MILLIONS) 9

TABLE 1 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 12

TABLE 2 CURRENT USES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 13

TABLE 3 FUTURE USES OF AO SYSTEMS 13

TABLE 4 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 14

TABLE 5 APPLICATIONS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 14

TABLE 6 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS 15

TABLE 7 LASER STANDARDS AND SAFETY CLASSES 22

TABLE 8 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR LOW-COST AO WAVEFRONT

CORRECTION ALTERNATIVE TO DEFORMABLE MIRRORS 31

TABLE 9 LIST OF DEFORMABLE MIRROR MANUFACTURERS 31

TABLE 10 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA FUNDING OF PROJECTS

WITH AO COMPONENTS ($) 35

TABLE 11 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION

FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS) 36

TABLE 12 TYPES OF MICROSCOPY 37

TABLE 13 AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION 38

TABLE 14 LIST OF INNOVATIVE MEDICAL RESEARCH PROJECTS BY ACADEMIA AND

MANUFACTURERS 43

TABLE 15 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES 46

TABLE 16 LIST OF 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS 46

TABLE 17 CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS) 50

TABLE 18 CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS,

THROUGH 2022 ($ BILLIONS) 51

TABLE 19 REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS BY

REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 57

TABLE 20 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022

($ MILLIONS) 59

TABLE 21 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH

2022 ($ MILLIONS) 60

TABLE 22 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 61

TABLE 23 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 62

TABLE 24 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH,

THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 64

TABLE 25 GLOBAL LARGE TELESCOPE DEVELOPMENT AND INSTALLATION

LOCATIONS WITH AO 66

TABLE 26 ADAPTIVE OPTICS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FOR NATIONAL SECURITY

LABORATORIES 71

TABLE 27 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, THROUGH

2022 ($ MILLIONS) 73

TABLE 28 REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022

($ MILLIONS) 78

TABLE 29 LIST OF NANOMANUFACTURING RESEARCH CENTERS AND THEIR

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 84

TABLE 30 AUTOMOBILE ELECTRONIC SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS 92

TABLE 31 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT,

THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 95

TABLE 32 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION

SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 97

TABLE 33 A BRIEF HISTORY OF HMD TECHNOLOGY 98

TABLE 34 HMD SYSTEM VENDORS 99

TABLE 35 MICRODISPLAY SILICON FOUNDRIES FOR HMD DISPLAY SILICON 102

TABLE 36 LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS 103

TABLE 37 NON-LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS 103

TABLE 38 HMD MICRODISPLAY RESEARCH CENTERS 104

TABLE 39 TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS) 106

TABLE 40 VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

THROUGH 2022 (MILLION UNITS) 107

TABLE 41 SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY

REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS) 108

TABLE 42 AMATEUR ASTRONOMY MANUFACTURERS 109

TABLE 43 GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010-2030 (%) 111

TABLE 44 GLOBAL INCREASE IN ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 (BILLION) 112

TABLE 45 AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 (BILLIONS) 113

TABLE 46 WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%) 115

TABLE 47 GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO) 116

TABLE 48 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS, 2013-2015

($) 218

TABLE 49 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON

CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($) 219

TABLE 50 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 220

TABLE 51 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 221

TABLE 52 MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH AO

MENTIONED IN PATENT ABSTRACT, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 223

TABLE 53 MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE

PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH 5,

2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

226

TABLE 54 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE

""ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE,

MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

227

TABLE 55 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE (NO. OF

PATENTS/%) 229

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, 2013-2022 ($

MILLIONS) 9

FIGURE 1 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION

FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS) 36

FIGURE 2 AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION 39

FIGURE 3 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS BY REGION 48

FIGURE 4 CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS,

2015 AND 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS) 50

FIGURE 5 CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, 2015

AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS) 51

FIGURE 6 REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS BY

REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 57

FIGURE 7 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION 2013-2022 ($

MILLIONS) 59

FIGURE 8 REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022

($ MILLIONS) 60

FIGURE 9 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 61

FIGURE 10 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION,

2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 62

FIGURE 11 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC

RESEARCH, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS) 64

FIGURE 12 REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, 2013-2022

($ MILLIONS) 73

FIGURE 13 REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013–2022 ($

MILLIONS) 78

FIGURE 14 REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT,

2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 95

FIGURE 15 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION

SEGMENT, 2013–2022 ($ MILLIONS) 97

FIGURE 16 TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

2013 AND 2022 ($ MILLIONS) 106

FIGURE 17 VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION,

2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS) 107

FIGURE 18 SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY

REGION, 2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS) 108

FIGURE 19 GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010–2030 (%) 112

FIGURE 20 GLOBAL INCREASE FOR ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS) 112

FIGURE 21 AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 ($ BILLIONS) 113

FIGURE 22 WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%) 115

FIGURE 23 GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO) 116

FIGURE 24 THE HUMAN EYE 214

FIGURE 25 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS,

2013–2015 ($) 218

FIGURE 26 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON

CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($) 219

FIGURE 27 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 220

FIGURE 28 FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($) 221

FIGURE 29 MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH

THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH 5,

2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

226

FIGURE 30 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE

"ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE, MARCH

5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)

227

FIGURE 31 MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE

"ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY REPORT SEGMENT, MARCH 5,

2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (%)

229

To order this report: Adaptive Optics: Technologies and Global Markets http://www.reportlinker.com/p02171939/Adaptive-Optics-Technologies-and-Global-Markets.html

__________________________
Contact Clare: clare@reportlinker.comUS: (339)-368-6001Intl: +1 339-368-6001

©2012 PR Newswire. All Rights Reserved.

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