Poultry Magnate Frank Perdue Dies at 84 - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21 -

Poultry Magnate Frank Perdue Dies at 84

Frank Perdue Frank Perdue
Frank Perdue is shown during one of his many commercials. Frank Perdue is shown during one of his many commercials.
Frank Perdue as a young man. (Photo: Perdue) Frank Perdue as a young man. (Photo: Perdue)

First posted: 04/01/04, 8:42 a.m. EST

SALISBURY, Md. (WBOC/AP)- Frank Parsons Perdue, the Maryland farmer who became one of Delmarva's most recognizable persons for his famous brand of chickens, has died. He was 84.

Perdue died March 31, 2005 after a brief illness, Perdue company officials said. He was born May 9, 1920.

At the time of his death, Perdue was chairman of the executive committee of the board of directors of Perdue Farms Inc., headquartered in Salisbury.

Perdue, who built Perdue Farms Inc. into the one of the nation's largest poultry processing businesses, turned the reins over to his son, Jim Perdue, in 1991. Jim Perdue became chairman while his father became chairman of the company's executive committee.

In 1971, Perdue became his company's television pitchman, and the first to advertise chickens by brand. Perdue appeared in approximately 200 television commercials, in addition to radio and print ads, between 1971 and 1994. Perdue’s stubborn commitment to product quality led to the creation of one of modern advertising’s most memorable lines, “It takes a tough man to make a tender chicken.”

His tough, folksy TV persona helped boost sales from $56 million in 1970 to more than $1.2 billion by 1991.

The elder Perdue turned over the spokesman role to his son in 1994, the company said.

Perdue's father, Arthur W. Perdue, started the family business in 1920, raising chickens for eggs.  In 1939, at the age of 19, Frank left college to join the business his father started. Frank Perdue became its third full-time employee.

Perdue and his father switched the business from eggs to chickens in the 1940s and broke into retail sales in 1968. 

In a 1991 interview, Perdue described his father as a stern man who was so thrifty that he saved leather from old shoes to make hinges for the doors to the chicken houses. Perdue also credited his father for his successes.

"I owe all my success to my father- he taught me everything," Frank Perdue said. "He taught me about honesty and integrity and reliability; he taught me the importance of being a person of your word; and he taught me about quality. The tenets on which this company was built were all his, and all I did was expand on them."    

An only child of older parents, Perdue was a shy boy who spent much of his time working on the family egg farm. His dream was to play professional baseball, but he said he "gathered more splinters than hits" on the Salisbury State Teachers College team. After graduation in 1939 he returned to the farm in Salisbury.

His love for the game, however, later prompted him to invest in a minor league franchise in his native Salisbury.

In building his poultry business, Perdue was the consummate entrepreneur and workaholic, who would put in 18 hours a day and get by on three or four hours' sleep. He had a cot in his office and often spent the night there, even though his home was 50 yards away.

Perdue Farms' expansion in the 1970s was rapid, but it also sowed the seeds of worker discontent. The company opened new plants in rural, often poor areas of the South, where labor was cheap and government regulations lax.

Inevitably, union activism sprung up, which Perdue sought to suppress.

In 1986, Perdue admitted to a presidential commission that he had twice unsuccessfully sought help from reputed New York crime boss Paul Castellano to put down union activities, actions he later said he regretted deeply.

In the late 1980s, reports of repetitive motion injuries rose rapidly in the industry among workers who performed the same handling, sorting and cutting tasks all day.

The company paid $40,000 in fines to North Carolina in 1989 after a report found 36 percent of workers in two plants had symptoms of wrist trauma known as carpal tunnel syndrome. In 1991, the company agreed to establish a four-year program to reduce injuries, including job rotations, rest and exercise periods and automation equipment.

Under Jim Perdue's leadership, the company has been establishing full service health care centers in its plants.

Perdue began facing pickets at his public appearances from animal rights activists after his appointment in January 1991 to the Board of Regents of the University of Maryland system.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals claimed farmers raising chickens for Perdue kept them in cramped cages and their beaks had to be clipped to prevent them from pecking each other to death.

The company insisted its chickens roamed freely in well-ventilated coops and said their beaks were trimmed because chickens naturally go after each other.

Associates said Perdue never spent much time worrying about his critics, but he was never comfortable with his fame.

For years, he refused to advertise in the Baltimore and Washington areas to lower his profile at home.

Perdue served on the board of directors of the National Broiler Council in Washington and Delmarva Poultry Industry Inc., in Georgetown, Del.- both trade organizations for the poultry industry.

His involvement in local civic activities was highlighted by his endowment of Salisbury State University to establish the Franklin P. Perdue School of Business.

The Perdue company is today ranked third in sales in the poultry industry. It has become an international food and agriculture business providing products and services to customers in more than 40 countries.

Privately held and family-run for three generations, the company employs more than 20,000 associates and partners with 7,500 independent farm families. 

Perdue, is survived by his third wife, Mitzi Ayala Perdue; four children, Sandra Spedden of Cambridge, Md., Anne Oliviero of Cape Elizabeth, Maine, Beverly Nida of Midlothian, Va., and Jim Perdue of Salisbury, Md.; two stepchildren Jose Ayala and Carlos Ayala; and 12 grandchildren.

Perdue's first viewing will be held on Tuesday, April 5 from 5 to 9 p.m. at Emmanuel Wesleyan Church on 142 Shamrock Drive in Salisbury. Another viewing will be held at Immanuel Wesleyan Church on Wednesday, April 6 from noon to 3 p.m. The funeral will follow at 4 p.m. Burial will be private.

In lieu of flowers, the Perdue family would ask that donations in Frank Perdue's memory be made in his name to the Maryland Food Bank or the Community Foundation of the Eastern Shore.

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