Cardiac Surgery - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21 -

Cardiac Surgery

Coronary Artery Bypass (CAB or CABG or "Cabbage") - surgery in which one or more blocked coronary arteries are bypassed by a blood vessel graft to restore normal blood flow to the heart. These grafts usually come from the patient's own arteries and veins located in the chest, leg, or arm. The graft goes around the clogged artery (or arteries) to create new pathways for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart.

Valve Repair Surgery - allows the surgeon to fix your valve, often without the use of artificial parts. If your valve can be repaired, your surgeon will take this approach.

Valve Replacement Surgery - the old valve is then removed and a new valve is sewn in. The new valve can either be mechanical or biological.

Mechanical Valve Replacement - Valves are made totally of mechanical parts that are tolerated well by the body. The bileaflet valve is used most often. It consists of two carbon leaflets in a ring covered with polyester knit fabric.

Biological Valve Replacement - Valves (also called tissue or bioprosthetic valves) are made of tissue. But they may have some artificial parts to help give the valve support and sew it in place. They can be made from pig tissue (porcine) or cow tissue (bovine).

Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization (TMR) - A new treatment aimed at improving blood flow to areas of the heart that were not treated by angioplasty or surgery. A special carbon dioxide (CO2) laser is used to create small channels in the heart muscle, improving blood flow in the heart.

Endoscopic Vein Harvesting - used to obtain veins for coronary artery bypass grafts. It uses specially designed instruments and video equipment to create small incisions along the upper and lower leg, rather than one long leg incision. This technique decreases patient discomfort and the occurrence of leg wound infection and is also cosmetically more appealing.
The ability to endoscopically remove a vein from a patient's leg rather than making a large incision. It has led to faster and easier recoveries for patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery.

MAZE Procedure - Certain patients with isolated atrial fibrillation are candidates. These patients generally have continuous atrial fibrillation and/or enlarged atria. In these patients, the procedure can treat the atrial fibrillation and restore the atria to a more normal size. The surgery involves creating precise incisions in the right and left atria to interrupt the conduction of abnormal impulses and to direct normal sinus impulses to travel to the atrioventricular node (AV node) as they normally should.

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