This is one of the oldest forms of gum surgery (periodontal surgery) . Resect means to cut away. Resective surgeries primary goal like all gum surgery is to retain the tooth. Periodontal disease deepens pockets and creates bony craters. After nonsurgical gum treatment pockets and bony craters may remain and it is not possible for patients to reach these areas to remove the bacterial biofilm. Therefore, the pockets continue to deepen and bone loss continues. Delmarva Dental Services believes regenerative surgery (bone and gum grafts) to be the surgical treatment of choice; however sometimes resective surgery is indicated. With all our patients we will customize a treatment plan that fits their specific situation and discuss all of their options.